Magnesium 

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Magnesium

Magnesium contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous and muscular systems. It participates in particular in reducing fatigue and asthenia. It is an essential mineral for the organism which participates in neuromuscular transmission and which is considered a natural "anti-stress".

Magnesium is involved in the proper functioning of many vital mechanisms: bones, nervous system, electrolyte or psychological balance ... However, nearly one in 5 people present a deficit of magnesium intake. Magnesium is recommended for all in case of overwork and nervousness, and particularly for athletes, pregnant women and the elderly.

Magnesium is involved in :

  • Promoting muscle balance
  • Blood pressure
  • Decrease in spasms, cramps and tremors
  • Tachycardia

Hypomagnesemia is defined by a magnesium level below 0.70 mmol / L.

The main causes of this pathology are:

  • Prolonged parenteral nutrition
  • Hypercalcemia
  • Hypersecretion of aldosterone, ADH, thyroid hormone
  • Drug treatment (cisplatin, diuretics)

We observe: nausea, vomiting, asthenia, tetany, personality changes, arrhythmias.

As for hypermagnesemia , it is defined by a level of magnesium in the blood greater than 1.05 mmol / L.

It is a rare pathology caused in renal failure by taking certain medications containing magnesium (antacids or laxatives).

It manifests itself by hypotension, respiratory depression, which can go as far as cardiac arrest.

Magnesium is found in the following food sources :

  • Apricots
  • Chocolate
  • Grapefruits
  • Algae
  • Vegetables
  • Fish
  • Green vegetables
  • Whole grains
  • Oleaginous fruits (walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds, etc.)
  • Dried vegetables (white beans, lentils, split peas)
  • Certain mineral waters (rich in magnesium)

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