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Which sun protection factor to choose?

Sun care is certainly a cream but also a sun spray , a gel or a sun lotion , the purpose of which is to protect us against the unwanted effects of the sun through ultraviolet rays. This cosmetics is mainly applied on beaches in fine weather and throughout the summer but also on ski slopes in winter, and is manufactured by cosmetic or pharmaceutical laboratories.

The regulations have put the names in order, so we now differentiate four categories of protection and eight indices , better known under the name SPF (sun protection factor). The different indices are:

  • The indices 6 and 10 correspond to "weak" protection.
  • The indices at 15, 20 and 25, we go to "medium" protection
  • “High protection” corresponds to indices 30 and 50 .
  • While with a sun care Spf 50+ , we achieve "very high protection".

Expressions such as "full screen" are no longer allowed because no sunscreen filters 100% of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays.

The higher ones are suitable for very fair skin tones with blue or green eyes and blond or red hair; dark skin that does not experience sunburn will be satisfied with less protection. All this is to be qualified according to the context for example, in skiing, even dark browns will have to opt for a solar index of 50 while, for a short exposure in spring, porcelain complexions can be satisfied with a solar index of 10. .

It is important to understand that the UV considered when calculating the index are UVB . They are the “baddest” in the short term, they are responsible for sunburn. But UVA rays are also formidable: if they do not leave visible traces , they are just as involved in the formation of various diseases linked to the sun.

Regulations therefore require since 2006 that sun care protect against both types of UV, with a ratio of 1 to 3: a cream that displays a sun protection factor ( SPF ) of 30 must guarantee protection against UVA . index 10.

If, usually, we encourage moderation in the cosmetics field, for sun products, it is quite the opposite. This is because the amount of cream applied has a considerable influence on the protection provided against the sun's rays. In terms of level of protection and durability, remember that sun care should be applied liberally every 2 hours and after each swim. You can also start protecting your skin before the holidays with self-tanning treatments.

Discover our wide choice of low-cost sun care products to protect your skin from the harmful effects of the sun's rays, and to enhance your tan .

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